Instituted to recognize special services by the Indian military which could not easily be recognized by existing medals.
For police recipients, these medals have not normally been officially manufactured and issued, but were, instead, made locally by independent manufacturers and the policemen can either buy them from these shops or the battalions buy it and give it to the qualifying constables. This gives rise to great variability in manufacture and even in design details.
Obverse: Circular copper-nickel, 35 mm. In the center, within a sunburst (outer) and wreath (inner), the State emblem. Above and below, there is the legend " Vishesh Seva Medal [Hindi] / SPECIAL SERVICE MEDAL". Suspended by a non-swiveling straight bar and usually named on the edge.
Reverse: In the center, within a sunburst (outer) and wreath (inner), a dove flying to the left above a mountain range.
Ribbon: 30 mm, medium blue-gray with 6.5 mm red edges.